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Judasim: Historical Development

Page history last edited by Brock Baker 11 years, 10 months ago

 

Judasim: Historical Development

 

Major Events in Judaism

 

1900 – 1700 BC -Abraham first practiced monotheism (Belief in one single God)

 

-         God told Abraham to leave his home and live in a region called Israel (Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and Syria).

 

-         Code of Laws later introduced to the Jewish; a promise to be part of the covenant (Bind between the people and God) was a reward for following the laws.

 

-         Abraham and wife Sarah have son , Isaac, at age 100

 

-         When God put Abraham to the test and asked him to sacrifice his son, God rewarded Abraham for withholding his son, saying he is loyal to his God; known as the “Binding of Isaac”

 

-         After Abraham, Ishmael continued to rule Israel

 

-         1200 BC -To control the Hebrew population, The Egyptian Pharaoh ordered all Hebrew children to be killed. One woman defied the Pharaoh and sent her child down the Nile River in a wooden basket.

 

-         The Pharaoh’s daughter found the child, and named him Moses.

 

-         When Moses was older, he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, and killed the Egyptian, saying he felt a connection to his own people.

 

-         Moses fled Egypt when the Pharaoh sentenced him to death

 

-         God spoke to Moses for first time, telling him to lead the Hebrew people to Canaan

 

-         God set 10 plagues on Egypt when the Pharaoh denied Moses permission to leave with his people.

 

-         The meal that took place after the 10th plague is now celebrated as “Passover”  

 

-         On the way back to Canaan, Moses climbed to the top of Mount Sinai where God gave Moses the “Torah’s” (a.k.a the Ten Commandments) and the first five Jewish scriptures.

 

-         By 507 BC David had taken over Saul’s army and united the 12 Jewish tribes to call it Israel

 

-         David also rebuilt the capital of Israel – Jerusalem, and brought the ark of covenant there.

 

-         Solomon, David’s son, built the 1st Jewish Temple in Jerusalem; Jerusalem is still considered a sacred place today.

 

 

Institutions & Demographics

 

-         Synagogues are a place of worship, prayer, and study for Jewish people

 

-         Memories of suffering and anti – Semitism that occurred during the middle ages influences the Religion today

 

-         The holocaust is the most important event in Jewish history.  During the holocaust, 6 million Jews were killed by German leaders.  Part of Europe became anti-Semitism.  Nov 9 - 10 is known as Kristallnacht (The night of the broken Glass), when synagogues and Jewish businesses throughout Germany were destroyed.  The holocaust is commemorated each year on holocaust remembrance day; the 27th day of Nissan, the first month of the Jewish calendar. The holocaust continues to effect politics in Israel today.

 

 

 

Timeline of Jewish History

 

 1900 - 1700 BC Abraham, Isaac, Jacob; descent into Egypt

 

1300 – 1220 BC Exodus from Egypt

 

1000 - 900 BC the United Kingdom: David and Solomon

 

721 BC – Northern kingdom of Israel destroyed by the Assyrians

 

587 – 536 BC Destruction of Jerusalem Temple by Babylonians, and Exile

 

500 – 400 BC Return from Exile, Building of the 2nd Temple

 

400 – 100 BC Hellenistic Era: The Rabbinical Era

 

63 BC – AD 565 Roman Era: Conquest of Judaea

 

AD 630 – 1095 Islamic rule in Israel    

 

1095 – 1199 Crusades period

 

1200 – 1917 Return of Israel to Islamic rule

 

1942 Expulsion of Jews from Spain

 

1948 Creation of Israel

 

1967 Six – Day War

 

1994 Peace treaty between Israel and Jordan

 

 

bibliography

 

Atkinson, Kenneth. Judaism<</body>

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