Judasim: Historical Development


Judasim: Historical Development


Major Events in Judaism


1900 – 1700 BC -Abraham first practiced monotheism (Belief in one single God)


-         God told Abraham to leave his home and live in a region called Israel (Israel, Jordan, Palestine, and Syria).


-         Code of Laws later introduced to the Jewish; a promise to be part of the covenant (Bind between the people and God) was a reward for following the laws.


-         Abraham and wife Sarah have son , Isaac, at age 100


-         When God put Abraham to the test and asked him to sacrifice his son, God rewarded Abraham for withholding his son, saying he is loyal to his God; known as the “Binding of Isaac”


-         After Abraham, Ishmael continued to rule Israel


-         1200 BC -To control the Hebrew population, The Egyptian Pharaoh ordered all Hebrew children to be killed. One woman defied the Pharaoh and sent her child down the Nile River in a wooden basket.


-         The Pharaoh’s daughter found the child, and named him Moses.


-         When Moses was older, he saw an Egyptian beating a Hebrew, and killed the Egyptian, saying he felt a connection to his own people.


-         Moses fled Egypt when the Pharaoh sentenced him to death


-         God spoke to Moses for first time, telling him to lead the Hebrew people to Canaan


-         God set 10 plagues on Egypt when the Pharaoh denied Moses permission to leave with his people.


-         The meal that took place after the 10th plague is now celebrated as “Passover”  


-         On the way back to Canaan, Moses climbed to the top of Mount Sinai where God gave Moses the “Torah’s” (a.k.a the Ten Commandments) and the first five Jewish scriptures.


-         By 507 BC David had taken over Saul’s army and united the 12 Jewish tribes to call it Israel


-         David also rebuilt the capital of Israel – Jerusalem, and brought the ark of covenant there.


-         Solomon, David’s son, built the 1st Jewish Temple in Jerusalem; Jerusalem is still considered a sacred place today.



Institutions & Demographics


-         Synagogues are a place of worship, prayer, and study for Jewish people


-         Memories of suffering and anti – Semitism that occurred during the middle ages influences the Religion today


-         The holocaust is the most important event in Jewish history.  During the holocaust, 6 million Jews were killed by German leaders.  Part of Europe became anti-Semitism.  Nov 9 - 10 is known as Kristallnacht (The night of the broken Glass), when synagogues and Jewish businesses throughout Germany were destroyed.  The holocaust is commemorated each year on holocaust remembrance day; the 27th day of Nissan, the first month of the Jewish calendar. The holocaust continues to effect politics in Israel today.




Timeline of Jewish History


 1900 - 1700 BC Abraham, Isaac, Jacob; descent into Egypt


1300 – 1220 BC Exodus from Egypt


1000 - 900 BC the United Kingdom: David and Solomon


721 BC – Northern kingdom of Israel destroyed by the Assyrians


587 – 536 BC Destruction of Jerusalem Temple by Babylonians, and Exile


500 – 400 BC Return from Exile, Building of the 2nd Temple


400 – 100 BC Hellenistic Era: The Rabbinical Era


63 BC – AD 565 Roman Era: Conquest of Judaea


AD 630 – 1095 Islamic rule in Israel    


1095 – 1199 Crusades period


1200 – 1917 Return of Israel to Islamic rule


1942 Expulsion of Jews from Spain


1948 Creation of Israel


1967 Six – Day War


1994 Peace treaty between Israel and Jordan





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